strugure

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Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Origin uncertain. Many theories have been proposed. Possibly a singularised plural of strug (now a regional term found in Besarabia), which may be related to strung (lathe), strunji or the verb struji (to clean feathers, branches, cobs of corn, etc.; to shave or scrape off; to chisel), a regionalism of Slavic origin, possibly borrowed from Middle Bulgarian strŭžiti, strŭgati (whence Bulgarian стръга́ (strǎgá), стръжа́ (strǎžá), ‘to flake off, chip off; rub’).[1] For the semantic development, compare: Spanish raspa (bunch of grapes), from the verb raspar (scrape; file or sand down). Alternatively, strug may be borrowed from Ancient Greek τρύγος (trúgos), τρυγή (trugḗ), ‘vine harvest’.[2] Other less likely etymologies include a Latin *stribulus or *strubulus, a Gepid thrubilo or struwilo, corresponding to German Träubel ‘grape hyacinth’,[3] or a substratum origin (although the word doesn't seem to have an Albanian or other Balkan equivalent).[4] Replaced Old Romanian auă, from Latin uva.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

strugure m (plural struguri)

  1. grape
  2. bunch, cluster (of grapes)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexandru de Cihac, Dictionnaire d’étymologie daco-romane, vol. 2: Éléments slaves, magyars, turcs et albanais (Frankfurt: Ludolphe St. Goar, 1879), 375–6.
  2. ^ Hariton Tiktin, Rumänisch-Deutsches Wörterbuch, 1st edn. (Bucharest: Staatsdruckerei, 1903-1925).
  3. ^ C. Diculescu, “Altgermanische Bestandteile im Rumänischen”, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 41, no. 2 (Jan 1921): 424; Ernst Gamillscheg, Romania Germanica, 3 vols. (Berlin: 1934–6), 266.
  4. ^ Alexandru Ciorănescu, Diccionario etimológico rumano, s.v “strugure” (La Laguna, Tenerife: Biblioteca Filológica, Universidad de la Laguna, 1958–1966).