strungă

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Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a substrate word from a Paleo-Balkan language within the linguistic area of Proto-Romanian[1] and solely identifiable as Thraco-Dacian *στροῦνγα (*stroῦnga, tightened, narrowed, strung)[2][3] due to comprising all Thracian, Dacian, Moesian and Getean and thus imaginable language territories in its phylum position but, regarding any meaning, the root has also been phonetically improbably related to Thracian *στρουμάν (*stroumán, stream). The latter can be deduced from the Ancient Greek river name Στρυμών (Strumṓn, Strymon). Perhaps cognate to Latvian strùoga (alleyway, forest path), which points at a Thraco-Dacian origin[4] on grounds of sound changes common with general Baltic and lexicosimilarities established. Alternatively, borrowed from Albanian shtrungë[5] (an early form of it before postalveolarization). Maybe related to or derived from strung (lathe)[6] with great semantic difficulties that may not be overcome. Compare Aromanian strungã.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

strungă f (plural strungi)

  1. narrow runway near a fold where sheep are milked
  2. (by extension) narrow passage
  3. (colloquial) canyon, strait
    Synonyms: defileu, strâmtoare
  4. (colloquial) tooth gap, tooth space

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bufli, Gjorgji (2017), Rapporti tra le aree linguistiche albanese e romena, Milan: University of Milan, p. 262
  2. ^ Scriban, August (1939), "strungă" in Dicționarul limbii românești, Iași: Presa Bună
  3. ^ Bufli, Gjorgji (2017), Rapporti tra le aree linguistiche albanese e romena, Milan: University of Milan, p. 259
  4. ^ Bufli, Gjorgji (2017), Rapporti tra le aree linguistiche albanese e romena, Milan: University of Milan, p. 262
  5. ^ von Miklosich, Franz (1872), Die slavischen Elemente im Magyarischen, volume 21, Vienna: Gerold, p. 55
  6. ^ Ciorănescu, Alexandru (1966), "strungă" in Dicționarul etimologic român, San Cristóbal de La Laguna: University of La Laguna
  • Academia Română (2009), "strungă" in Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române, Bucharest: Univers Enciclopedic