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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English threp (a rebuke), from the verb (see below).

Alternative etymology derives Middle English threp, from Old English *þrēap (contention, strife) (attested only as Old English þrēap, in the sense of "troop, band"), ultimately from the same Germanic origin below.


threap (plural threaps) (Scotland)

  1. an altercation, quarrel, argument
  2. an accusation or serious charge
  3. stubborn insistence
  4. a superstition or freet

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English threpen (to scold), from Old English þrēapian (to reprove, reprehend, punish, blame), from Proto-Germanic *þraupōną (to punish), from Proto-Germanic *þrawō (torment, punishment), from Proto-Germanic *þrawjaną (to torment, injure, exhaust), from Proto-Indo-European *trōw- (to beat, wound, kill, torment). Akin to Old English þrēagan (to rebuke, punish, chastise), þrēa (correction, punishment), þrōwian (to suffer). More at throe.


threap (third-person singular simple present threaps, present participle threaping, simple past and past participle threaped or threapt) (Scotland)

  1. (transitive) To contradict
  2. To scold; rebuke
  3. To cry out; complain; contend
  4. To argue; bicker
    • Percy's Reliques
      It's not for a man with a woman to threap.
  5. To call; name
  6. To cozen or cheat
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  7. To maintain obstinately against denial or contradiction.
    He threaped me down that it was so.
    • 1785, Burns, Robert, Epistle To William Simson Schoolmaster, Ochiltree:
      Some herds, weel learn'd upo' the beuk, / Wad threap auld folk the thing misteuk;
  8. To beat or thrash.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  9. To insist on
Derived terms[edit]