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See also: Toparch
toparch (plural toparchs)
- The ruler or prince of a small district, city, or petty state; a petty “king”.
- 1640, Thomas Fuller, Ioseph’s Partie-Colored Coat, page 11:
- By those many Kings mentioned in the old Testament, thirty and one in the little land of Canaan,…is meant onely Toparchs, not great Kings, but Lords of a little Dition, and Dominion.
- 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, book VII, chapter viii, page 353:
- Toparks, Kings of Cities or narrow territories, such as were the Kings of Sodome and Gomorrah, the Kings of Jericho and Ai.
- 1655, Thomas Fuller, The Church-History of Britain; From the Birth of Jesus Christ, Untill the Year M. DC. XLVIII (1662), book I, 6ª Century, pages 116–117:
- About the same time…flourished Cadocus, abbot of Llancarvan in Glamorganshire, son of the prince and toparch of that country.
- 1737, William Whiston (translator), Flavius Josephus (author), Antiquities of the Jews, book XI, chapter iii, § 2:
- The toparchs of India and Ethiopia.
- 1852, Charlotte Mary Yonge, Cameos from English History (1877), volume I, chapter xxii, page 162:
- The top-arch, Turlogh O’Connor, was the friend of O’Rourke.
ruler of a small district or petty state