veļi

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See also: veli, Veli, and vēli

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *weli̯a-, *weli̯ā-, from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (tear; pluck; rob; hurt; kill). Cognates include Lithuanian vẽlės, vė̃lės (singular vėlė̃, velė̃; compare also veliónis (dead)), Proto-Germanic *wala- (dead) (Old Norse valr (fallen in the battlefield), valhǫll (abode of fallen warriors), valkyrja (Valkyrie) (i.e., those who led the dead warriors to Odin), Old High German wal (battlefield)), Tocharian A wäl (to die), walu (dead one).[1]

Noun[edit]

veļi m (2nd declension)

  1. (mythology, poetic, usually in the plural) soul of the dead; ghost
    veļu valstība, valststhe realm of the dead
    veļu kultscult of the dead
    veļu laikstime of the dead (time in October when the dead return to visit their descendants)
    aiziet veļosto go to the dead (i.e., to die)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is a singular form velis, sporadically attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “veļi”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7