From Middle English wroth, wrooth, from Old English wrāþ, from Proto-Germanic *wraiþaz (“cruel”), from Proto-Indo-European *wreyt- (“to turn”). Akin to Saterland Frisian wreed (“haughty; proud”), Old Saxon wrēd (“evil”) (Dutch wreed (“cruel”)), Old High German reid (“cruel”), Old Norse reiðr (“angry”) (Danish vred, Swedish vred).
- (UK) IPA(key): /ɹɒθ/, /ɹəʊθ/
- (US) IPA(key): /ɹɔθ/, /ɹɑθ/
(without ɑ-ɔ merger)
Audio (US) (file)
(with ɑ-ɔ merger) (cot–caught merger)
Audio (US) (file)
- Full of anger; wrathful.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Genesis 4:5:
- But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
- 1793, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Christabel
- And to be wroth with one we love,
- Doth work like madness in the brain.
- 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Chapter V
- But in the meantime Robin Hood and his band lived quietly in Sherwood Forest, without showing their faces abroad, for Robin knew that it would not be wise for him to be seen in the neighborhood of Nottingham, those in authority being very wroth with him.
- 1936, Dale Carnegie, How to Win Friends and Influence People, Part 3, Chapter 4
- Business men are learning that it pays to be friendly to strikers. For example, when two thousand five hundred employees in the White Motor Company's plant struck for higher wages and a union shop, Robert F. Black, the president, didn't wax wroth and condemn, and threaten and talk of tyranny and Communists. He actually praised the strikers. He published an advertisement in the Cleveland papers, complimenting them on "the peaceful way in which they laid down their tools."
- wroth in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- wroth in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913