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From Proto-Indo-European *ǵen-, *ǵnō-, *ǵneh₃- ‎(to know, to recognize) (whence also zināt, q.v.), possibly of the same origin as *ǵenh₁- ‎(to create, to generate) (> “to give birth,” “to have/be a relative”). The initial meaning of znots was apparently “(new) relative,” “man who married into the family/clan,” from which it was restricted to “son-in-law” (note that an 18th-century source still had it as “brother-in-law”). Cognates include Lithuanian žéntas ‎(son-in-law), Proto-Slavic *zętь (Old Church Slavonic зѧть ‎(zętǐ), Russian, Ukrainian зять ‎(zjat’), Belarusian зяць ‎(zjac’), Bulgarian зет ‎(zet), Czech zeť, Polish zięć), Sanskrit ज्ञातिः ‎(jñatíḥ, relative), Ancient Greek γνωστός ‎(gnōstós, blood relative, brother).[1]


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znots m (1st declension)

  1. son-in-law (one's daughter's husband)
    māte ar sirdi un prātu znota pusē‎ ― the mother (was) with heart and soul on (her) son-in-law's side
    viņš taču ir un paliek meitas vīrs un viņas mātes znots‎ ― but he is and reamins (that) daughter's husband and her mother's son-in-law
    par to es gribētu ar jums parunāties, kā znots ar sievasmāti!‎ ― I would like to talk to you about that, as a son-in-law to (his) mother-in-law




  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “znots”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7