τρέφω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Beekes, Pre-Greek substratum word. Within Indo-European family it's usually compared to Lithuanian drìbti (to fall down in flakes) and drė̃bti (to throw a thick fluid) but with unclear semantic connection, as well as expressions for "dregs" in Celtic, Germanic and Slavic, linking it to Proto-Indo-European *dʰrobʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

τρέφω (trephō) future: θρέψω aorist: ἔθρεψα, ἔτραφον perfect active: τέτροφα, τέτραφα perfect mediopassive: τέθραμμαι aorist passive: ἐθρέφθην, ἐτράφην

  1. to thicken, congeal, curdle
  2. to make to grow, to increase, bring up, breed, rear (especially of children)
    1. (of slaves, cattle, etc.) to rear and keep
    2. to tend, cherish
    3. (of parts of the body) to let grown, cherish, foster
    4. (poetic, of earth and sea) to breed. produce, teem with
    5. (poetic) to have within oneself, to contain, keep, have
  3. to maintain, support
    1. (in historical writers) to maintain or subsist an army
    2. (of land) to feed, maintain one
  4. to bring up, rear, educate
  5. the passive sometimes came to mean little more than "to be"

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • A Greek-English Lexicon by Liddell & Scott, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940
  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume II, page 1504ff

Greek[edit]

Verb[edit]

τρέφω (tréfo);  simple past: έθρεψα (éthrepsa);  passive form: τρέφομαι (tréfomai)

  1. (transitive) feed, nourish, maintain
  2. (intransitive) heal, be raised

Conjugation[edit]