собака

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Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ru

Собака

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from an Iranian language. What makes Russian sobaka so crucial is that it occurs only in the Median language in a closer or identical form.[1] In the mid-5th century BCE, Herodotus (Histories 1.110) wrote that σπάκα (spaka) was the Median word for a female dog. Alternatively, it may come from a Turkic language via k < s dialectical change;[2] compare Turkish köpek. Turkic probably had both forms, *kopak(V) and *sopak(V).[1] Trubachev offers a similar k ~ s sound shifting case for Russian сорок.[3]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog
    сторожевая собака (storoževája sobáka)
    watchdog
    дворовая собака (dvoróvaja sobáka)
    curr, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где собака зарыта!
    Now I see it!
    Его каждая собака знает
    Everyone knows him.
    голодный как собака
    as hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как собака
    to be chilled to the marrow
    злой как собака
    mad as hell
    нужный как собаке пятая нога
    need like a hole in the head
    собака на сене
    dog in the manger
    собаку съесть
    to know something inside out
    устать как собака
    to be dog-tired
  2. hound
    собака-ищейка (sobáka-iščéjka)
    bloodhound
  3. (pejorative) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karatay (2009), in Journal of Eurasian Studies, Volume I., Issue 3. Page 49.
  2. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 702-3
  3. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 723.

See also[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia uk

собака

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog (animal)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. (figuratively, pejorative) scoundrel, detestable person

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • собака” in Ivan Bilodid (editor-in-chief) (1970–1980), Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], in 11 vols, Kiev: Naukova Dumka