այր

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian այր (ayr); see below.

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr)

  1. (archaic, poetic) man
  2. (archaic, poetic) husband, spouse
  3. (archaic, poetic, figuratively) brave person, daredevil
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian այր (ayr); see below.

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr)

  1. cave, grotto
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Armenian *aynr, from *anir, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr. See also առն (aṙn).

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr

  1. man, adult male
    քաջ արանցkʿaǰ arancʿ ― emperor
    վատ արանցvat arancʿ ― coward
    այր երեւելիayr ereweli ― personage
    այր իւրաքանչիւրayr iwrakʿančʿiwr ― every one, every person, every body
    այր ոքayr okʿ ― a person, someone
    այր ընդ արամբ, այր զարամբayr ənd aramb, ayr zaramb ― in competition; with emulation
    այր ցընկերayr cʿənker ― one to another
    ընդ այր եւ ընդ կինənd ayr ew ənd kin ― the men as well as the women, both men and women
    առ այր, յայրaṙ ayr, yayr ― each person, a head, a man
    այր խաղաղութեանayr xałałutʿean ― peaceful man
    այր գործոյayr gorcoy ― ingenious, active man
    այր զօրութեանayr zōrutʿean ― valorous man
    այր մահուayr mahu ― guilty, worthy of death
    այր պատերազմիayr paterazmi ― belligerous, warlike, martial man
    արք արեանցarkʿ areancʿ ― sanguinary, bloody men
    այր Աստուծոյayr Astucoy ― man of God
    այր եւ ձի, առն եւ ձիոյayr ew ji, aṙn ew jioy ― cavalry, horse
  2. husband, spouse
    առն տալaṙn tal ― to marry
    առն՝ արանց լինելaṙn, arancʿ linel ― to get, to be married
  3. man of courage
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The word has three combining forms: առն- (aṙn-), այր- (ayr-) and ար- (ar-).

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • այր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “ayr₁” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 61
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 34

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Has been compared to Ancient Greek ἄντρον (ántron, cave) and Hittite [script needed] (ḫariya-, valley)[script needed].

Noun[edit]

այր (ayr

  1. cave, cavern, grotto
  2. desolate place
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: այր (ayr) (ayr)

References[edit]

  • այր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “ayr₂” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 62