ܩܕܡ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܩ-ܕ-ܡ (IPA(key): /q-d-m/) related to preceding. Compare Arabic قَدَمَ (qadama) and Hebrew קָדַם (qāḏam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ܩܕܡ (transliteration needed)

  1. to precede, to come before

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܩ-ܕ-ܡ (IPA(key): /q-d-m/) related to preceding. Compare Akkadian 𒁾𒊕 (qudmu [DUB.SAG]) and Hebrew קֹדֶם (qṓḏem).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ܩܕܡ (transliteration needed)

  1. before

Preposition[edit]

ܩܕܡ (transliteration needed)

  1. before, in front of
  2. among, in the presence of
  3. against
Inflection[edit]

Takes type-II suffixes.

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • "qdm" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 310a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 490b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1318a-b