हेतु

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Sanskrit[edit]

Noun[edit]

हेतु (hetúm

  1. "impulse", motive, cause, cause of, reason for (+locative, rarely dative or genitive)
    हेतुना (hetunā), हेतोः (hetoḥ), हेतवे (hetave), हेतौ (hetau) — for a cause or reason, by reason of, on account of (+genitive or compound):
    मम हेतोः (mama hetoḥ) or मद्-धेतोः (mad-dhetoḥ) — on account of me
    कं हेतुम् (kaṃ hetum) or को हेटुः (ko heṭuḥ) — wherefore?, why?
    यतो हेतोः (yato hetoḥ) — because
    अनेन हेतुना (anena hetunā) or इति हेतोः (iti hetoḥ) — for this reason
    मृत्यु-हेतवे (mṛtyu-hetave) — in order to kill
    हेतुर् अलौकिकः (hetur alaukikaḥ) — a supernatural cause
  2. (at the end of a compound) "having as a cause or motive" , "caused or effected or actuated or attracted or impelled by"
    कर्महेतु (karma-hetu) — caused by the acts (of a former existence)
    मांसहेतु (māṃsa-hetu) — attracted by (the smell of) flesh
    कर्मफलहेतु (karma-phala-hetu) — impelled by (the expectation of) the consequences of any act
  3. a logical reason or deduction or argument, the reason for an inference (especially applied to the second member or अवयव (avayava) of the five-membered syllogism; compare न्याय (nyāya))
  4. logic (in general, compare हेतुविद्या (hetuvidyā))
  5. (grammar) the agent of the causal verb
  6. (with Buddhists) primary cause (as opposed to प्रत्यय (pratyaya))
  7. (with पशुपति (paśu-pati)s) that which causes the bondage of the soul i.e. the external world and the senses
  8. the means
    हेतुभिः (hetubhiḥ) (at the end of a compound) — by means of
  9. mode, manner
    हेतुभिः (hetubhiḥ) (at the end of a compound) — according to
  10. price, cost
  11. condition
  12. (rhetoric) = काव्यलिङ्ग (kāvya-liṅga)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1303