七夕

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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七夕: Tanabata in Sendai, 2005
Wikipedia has an article on:
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Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Origins somewhat obscure.

The latter bata portion is generally accepted to be from (hata, a loom). The hata changes to bata due to rendaku (連濁).

The former tana portion may be from (tana, a shelf, or a board placed lengthwise in a bridge), in reference to an ancient ritual whereby a maiden would weave a special cloth on a hata in order to secure a bountiful harvest, as an offering for a god coming across a body of water via a tana. A related theory states that tana is instead an alteration of (tane, seed). Yet another theory states that tana is an alteration of (ta, hand, unbound Old Japanese form) + (na, Old Japanese possessive particle superseded by no).[1]

The common spelling of 七夕 is an example of jukujikun, since the festival is held on the seventh night of the seventh month of the lunar calendar, now generally observed on 7 July.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

七夕 (hiragana たなばた, romaji tanabata)

  1. a type of loom (the original meaning)
  2. a type of weaving
  3. by extension, a weaver
  4. (figuratively) any extremely rare visit, or the person so visiting

Proper noun[edit]

七夕 (hiragana たなばた, romaji Tanabata)

  1. the Tanabata Japanese star festival, observed on 7 July
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しち
Grade: 1
せき
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 七夕 (*tsit *ziɛk, literally seventh evening). Compare modern Mandarin 七夕 (qīxī).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

七夕 (hiragana しちせき, romaji Shichiseki)

  1. the Tanabata Japanese star festival, observed on 7 July
  2. the Chinese Qīxī Festival, also sometimes referred to as the Double Seventh Festival

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

七夕 (chilseok) (hangeul 칠석)

  1. Hanja form? of 칠석, “Qixi”.

Mandarin[edit]

Mandarin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia cmn

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("seven, seventh") +  ("evening").

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin qīxī
Zhuyin ㄑㄧ ㄒㄧ
IPA (key) /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵ ɕi⁵⁵/

Noun[edit]

七夕 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin qīxī)

  1. the Qixi Festival, the Chinese Valentine's Day, which falls on the seventh day of the 7th lunar month

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

七夕

  1. Hán form of Thất Tịch, "Qixi"