五大明王

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Japanese[edit]

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五大明王 (Go Dai Myōō): the Five Wisdom Kings are the blue figures to the right in this image.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
だい
Grade: 1
みょう
Grade: 2
おう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

From Middle Chinese 五大明王 (*ngǒ *dhɑ̀i *miæng *hiuɑng, literally five great wisdom kings). The 明王 (*miæng *hiuɑng, wisdom king) portion is a translation of Sanskrit विद्याराज (vidyārāja, knowledge king).

Compare modern Mandarin 五大明王 (Wǔ Dà Míngwáng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

五大明王 (hiragana ごだいみょうおう, romaji Go Dai Myōō)

  1. the Five Wisdom Kings in Vajrayana Buddhism

Usage notes[edit]

When borrowed into English, this term is more often romanized as Godai Myōō.

Coordinate terms[edit]

The 五大明王 (Go Dai Myōō, Five Wisdom Kings) and associated directions are:

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan