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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
单-bw.png

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 金田十 (CWJ), four-corner 80506, composition)

  1. single, individual, only
  2. lone
  3. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 157, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2749
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 246, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5355

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (單), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 都寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tan/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/
Character (單), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 市連切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇn/ /ʑi̯ɛn/ /ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑian/ /ʑĭɛn/ /d͡ʑjæn/
Character (單), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 常演切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑianX/ /ʑĭɛnX/ /d͡ʑjænX/
Character (單), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 時戰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnH/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/ /ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑianH/ /ʑĭɛnH/ /d͡ʑjænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chán ‹ dzyen › /*dar (< *[d]ar)/ 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1995 1 /*taːn/

Compounds[edit]