家族

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

家族

  1. family, household, clan

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぞく
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 家族 (kæ d͡zuk̚). Compare modern Cantonese gaa1 zuk6, Hakka kâ-chhu̍k, Min Nan ka-cho̍k.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

家族 (hiragana かぞく, romaji kazoku)

  1. family

Usage notes[edit]

家族 refers to one’s own family, particularly immediate family – parents, children, and siblings. To refer to another’s family, one uses the honorific form ご家族 (go-kazoku, another’s family, honorific). To refer to one’s relatives generally, one uses 親戚 (shinseki, relative), which includes even distant relatives. For close relatives – say, aunts, uncles, and close cousins – one may use 近親 (kinshin, close relative). For close people, not necessarily family, one may use 身内 (miuchi, close family, close friends).

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

家族 (gajok) (hangeul 가족)

  1. Hanja form? of 가족, “family, household”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

家族

  1. Hán tự form of gia tộc, "family"