家族

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぞく
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

家族 (hiragana かぞく, romaji kazoku)

  1. family

Usage notes[edit]

家族 refers to one’s own family, particularly immediate family – parents, children, and siblings. To refer to another’s family, one uses the honorific form ご家族 (ごかぞく, gokazoku, another’s family (honorific)). To refer to one’s relatives generally, one uses 親戚 (しんせき, shinseki, relative), which includes even distant relatives. For close relatives – say, aunts, uncles, and close cousins – one may use 近親 (きんしん, kinshin, close relative). For close people, not necessarily family, one may use 身内 (みうち, miuchi, close family, close friends).

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

家族 (gajok) (hangeul 가족)

  1. Hanja form? of 가족, “family”.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin jiāzú
Zhuyin ㄐㄧㄚ ㄗㄨˊ
IPA (key) /t͡ɕi̯a̠⁵⁵ t͡su³⁵/

Noun[edit]

家族 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin jiāzú)

  1. family