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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹火心 (HFP), four-corner 29338, composition)

  1. anxiety
  2. to worry about, be anxious

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 393, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 729, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2322, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6101

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愁), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 士尤切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨu/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯ə̯u/ /d͡ʒiu/ /ɖ͡ʐiu/ /ɖ͡ʐuw/ /d͡ʒĭəu/ /d͡ʒiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chóu ‹ dzrjuw › /*[dz]riw/ grieved

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10550 2 /*zrɯw/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sầu, rầu, ràu, xàu, xầu)

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