慷慨

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

generous; magnanimous generous; sad
simp. and trad.
(慷慨)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (慷慨, reconstructed)
Character (慷), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 苦朗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑŋX/ /kʰɑŋX/ /kʰɑŋX/ /kʰɑŋX/ /kʰaŋX/ /kʰɑŋX/ /kʰɑŋX/
Character (慨), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦蓋切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰʌiH/ /kʰɑ̆iH/ /kʰᴀiH/ /kʰəiH/ /kʰəjH/ /kʰɒiH/ /kʰɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (慷慨, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kài ‹ khojH › /*[kʰ]ˤə[t]-s/ disappointed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3987 0 /*kʰlaːŋʔ/
5814 1 /*kʰɯːds/

Definitions[edit]

慷慨

  1. impassioned; vehement; fervent
  2. forthright; expansive; frank and straightforward
  3. to sigh with emotion
  4. generous; beneficent; big-handed

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (慷慨):