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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Japanese shinjitai Simplified from ().

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (head) – part of the head.

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 大廿一月金 (KTMBC))

  1. cheeks, jaw

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1404, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4367, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+982C

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほほ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほほ, romaji hoho)

  1. (anatomy) cheek, (the side of the face)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほお
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

[ho̞ho̞] → [ho̞ː]

Derived from hoho above.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほお, romaji , historical hiragana ほほ)

  1. (anatomy) cheek
Usage notes[edit]

The reading is more common when used as a standalone noun.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
つら
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Of same origin as (tsura, a string or lineup of things). Extending from the meaning of "lineup", the meaning changed to indicate the side of the items lined up. In reference to people, this came to mean the cheeks as the side of the face, and then by extension the face as a whole.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つら, romaji tsura)

  1. the cheeks
  2. the face (usually written )
  3. one's facial expression
  4. the side of something
  5. the surface or front of something
  6. one's honor: "face" as in save face or lose face
Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Used as ateji in various names.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana すえみつ, romaji Suemitsu)

  1. A male given name

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana すえもと, romaji Suemoto)

  1. A male given name

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana のりみち, romaji Norimichi)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin jiá (jia2), tou (tou5), Wade-Giles chia2, t'ou5)

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