From Middle Dutch Friese, but also Vriese, Vrese, from Old Dutch *Frieso, probably via Old Saxon *Frēso. Borrowed and re-borrowed, at varying times in history, from Old Frisian Frēsa, Frīsa (modern West Frisian Fries).
Initial v- is expected from natural development from Old Dutch, in which voicing of initial f- to v- occurs naturally. The modern form with f- is probably influenced by the Frisian endonym. However, the original voiced consonant is retained in the common surname de Vries.
- a Frisian, member of a Germanic people; speaker of their language
- a West Frisian specifically
- Short form for various names relating to Friesland or Frisians, such as the bovine race.
In the Netherlands, Fries most often refers implicitly to the Frisians that Dutch people are most familiar with, the West Frisians.
From Fries + -s.
- Frisian (any member of the Frisian people)
- West Frisian specifically (of the Frisian part of the Netherlands)
- frieze (sculptured or richly ornamented band)
- Fries in Duden online
Fries c (pl Friezen)
- Frisian (person)