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See also: kugel



Etymology 1[edit]

The origin of the word is uncertain, but probably related to that of Kegel "pin or peg used in a game (such as skittles)" Outside of loans from German (as in Danish kugle and Dutch kogel), it appears only in German, and only from the Middle High German period, as kugel, kugele, referring to a ball used in games (Spielkugel). Nevertheless, the word seems to be of genuinely Germanic origin. A Swiss dialect form has an additional r, in krugle, found already in Middle High German in the diminutive form krúgellin (Konrad of Würzburg, d. 1287). Middle German variants of the word in the original sense "ball used in skittles or Paille-maille" are kaule, kulle, while Low German had cognates of Klotz. The sense "bullet" is directly via comparison with the ball in skittles, already in use for lead or iron spheres used as projectiles (fired with slingshots or similar) before firearms became widespread.


Kugel f (genitive Kugel, plural Kugeln)

  1. ball [13th century]
  2. bullet [15th century]
  3. (astronomy, geography) orb, globe, celestial body [16th century]
  4. (geometry) sphere, orb [16th century]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Old High German cugula, chugela, cucala, cognate with English cowl. Variant form Gugel. Ultimately from Latin cucullus "hood of a cloak".


Kugel f (genitive Kugel, plural Kugeln)

  1. hood, cowl