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In European usage, elkis the moose. The wapiti (the US elk) is sometimes considered conspecific with the red deer, which is the main species referred to as deer in Europe without a qualifier (the other species are the roe deer and the fallow deer. This apparently is the result of the most common US deer (the white-tailed deer) having no counterpart in Europe, so it took over the word deer, displacing the wapiti, which took over the word elk. This left the original elk as the loser in this game of musical chairs: it ended up with a borrowed American Indian name. This is sort of like the phonological concept of a w:chain shift, but applied to the lexicon. Chuck Entz (talk) 05:14, 16 July 2013 (UTC)