User:Psoup/workpages02

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Mandarin 开窍药[edit]

((zh~forms| |開竅藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=kāiqiào yào|pint=kai1qiao4yao4|tra=開竅藥 |sim=开窍药|rs=廾01}}

  1. medicinal substances in traditional Chinese medicine used for resuscitation.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Yoshifumi Irie, Wing Ming Keung, "Rhizoma acori graminei and its active principles protect PC-12 cells from the toxic effect of amyloid-β peptide", Brain Research, Volume 963, Issues 1-2, 14 February 2003, Pages 282-289.

Mandarin 祛风药[edit]

((zh~forms||祛風藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=qūfēng yào|pint= qu1feng2yao4|tra=祛風藥|sim=祛风药|rs=示05}}

  1. Wind-eliminating materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used to eliminate "wind" in the body.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 祛风药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:祛风药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Shuhu Du, Lina Chen, Kunfang Ma, Hongjian Ji, "Qualitative and quantitative analysis of Chinese herb fructus chaenomelis", Journal of Nanjing Medical University, Volume 21, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 51-54.

Mandarin 活血祛瘀药[edit]

((zh~forms||活血祛瘀藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=huóxuè qūyū yào|pint= huo2xue4qu1yu1yao4|tra=活血祛瘀藥|sim=活血祛瘀药|rs=水06}}

  1. blood-circulation activating and blood-stasis removing materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine. This term refers to herbs and other medicinal substances that are used to activate the blood and to remove blood-stasis in the body. Some of these herbs are meant for external use, some for internal use, and some for both external and internal applications.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 活血祛瘀药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:活血祛瘀药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Akiko Satoh, Takako Yokozawa, Eun Ju Cho, Takuya Okamoto, Yasuo Sei, "Antioxidative effects related to the potential anti-aging properties of the Chinese prescription Kangen-karyu and Carthami Flos in senescence-accelerated mice", Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 39, Issue 1, July-August 2004, Pages 69-82.
  • Soon Yew Tang, Matthew Whiteman, Zhao Feng Peng, Andrew Jenner, Eu Leong Yong, Barry Halliwell, "Characterization of antioxidant and antiglycation properties and isolation of active ingredients from traditional chinese medicines", Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Volume 36, Issue 12, 15 June 2004, Pages 1575-1587.

Mandarin 止血药[edit]

((zh~forms||止血藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=zhǐxuè yào|pint= zhi3xue4yao4|tra=止血藥|sim=止血药|rs=止00}}

  1. Hemostatics. This term refers to materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that are used to stop excessive bleeding from the body.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 止血药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:止血药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Ji Xiao Zhu, Ying Wang, Ling Dong Kong, Cheng Yang, Xin Zhang, "Effects of Biota orientalis extract and its flavonoid constituents, quercetin and rutin on serum uric acid levels in oxonate-induced mice and xanthine dehydrogenase and xanthine oxidase activities in mouse liver", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 93, Issue 1, July 2004, Pages 133-140.

Mandarin 化痰止咳平喘药[edit]

((zh~forms||化痰止咳平喘}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=huàtán zhǐké píngchuǎn yào|pint=hua4tan2zhi3ke2yao4|tra=化痰止咳平喘藥|sim=化痰止咳平喘药|rs=匕02}}

  1. Expectorants, anti-tussives, and anti-asthmatics. This term refers to materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that are used to relieve respiratory difficulties.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

化痰药 (herbs to reduce phlegm)

止咳平喘药 (herbs to reduce cough and asthma)

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 化痰止咳平喘药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:化痰止咳平喘药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Jae-Yong Kim, Kyoung-Wuk Park, Kwang-Deog Moon, Mi-Kyung Lee, Jina Choi, Sung-Tae Yee, Ki-Hwan Shim, Kwon-Il Seo, "Induction of apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells by crude saponin from Platycodi Radix", Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 46, Issue 12, December 2008, Pages 3753-3758.
  • Kyung Jin Lee, Soo Jin Hwang, Jae Ho Choi, Hye Gwang Jeong , "Saponins derived from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum inhibit HT-1080 cell invasion and MMPs activities: Regulation of NF-κB activation via ROS signal pathway", Cancer Letters, Volume 268, Issue 2, 18 September 2008, Pages 233-243.
  • Jae Ho Choi, Yong Pil Hwang, Hyun Sun Lee, Hye Gwang Jeong, "Inhibitory effect of Platycodi Radix on ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation in a murine model of asthma", Food and Chemical Toxicology, March 2009.
  • Tilak Khanal, Jae Ho Choi, Yong Pil Hwang, Young Chul Chung, Hye Gwang Jeong, "Saponins isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum protect against acute ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice",Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2009, Pages 530-535.
  • Eun Hee Han, Jin Hee Park, Ji Young Kim, Young Chul Chung, Hye Gwang Jeong, "Inhibitory mechanism of saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on anaphylactic reaction and IgE-mediated allergic response in mast cells", Food and Chemical Toxicology. February 2009.
  • Ji Young Kim, Dong Hee Kim, Hyung Gyun Kim, Gyu-Yong Song, Young Chul Chung, Seong Hwan Roh, Hye Gwang Jeong, "Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α-induced expression of adhesion molecules in human endothelial cells by the saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum", Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Volume 210, Issues 1-2, January 2006, Pages 150-156.
  • Ji-Young Lee, Jae-Wook Yoon, Cheong-Tae Kim, Seung-Taik Lim, "Antioxidant activity of phenylpropanoid esters isolated and identified from Platycodon grandiflorum", Phytochemistry, Volume 65, Issue 22, November 2004, Pages 3033-3039.
  • Kyung Jin Lee, Ho Jin You, Sung Jun Park, Young Sup Kim, Young Chul Chung, Tae Chun Jeong, Hye Gwang Jeong, "Hepatoprotective effects of Platycodon grandiflorum on acetaminophen-induced liver damage in mice", Cancer Letters, Volume 174, Issue 1, 10 December 2001, Pages 73-81.
  • Sang B. Han, Se H. Park, Ki H. Lee, Chang W. Lee, Sang H. Lee, Hyoung C. Kim, Young S. Kim, Hyun S. Lee, Hwan M. Kim, "Polysaccharide isolated from the radix of Platycodon grandiflorum selectively activates B cells and macrophages but not T cells", International Immunopharmacology, Volume 1, Issue 11, October 2001, Pages 1969-1978.
  • Chul Yung Choi, Ji Young Kim, Young Sup Kim, Young Chul Chung, Jong Kwon Seo, Hye Gwang Jeong, "Aqueous extract isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum elicits the release of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-α from murine macrophages", International Immunopharmacology, Volume 1, Issue 6, June 2001, Pages 1141-1151.
  • Kyung Jin Lee, Hye Gwang Jeong, "Protective effect of Platycodi radix on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity", Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 40, Issue 4, April 2002, Pages 517-525.

Mandarin 平肝药[edit]

((zh~forms||平肝藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=pínggān yào|pint= ping2gan1yao4|tra=平肝藥|sim=平肝药|rs=干02}}

  1. Materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that are used to "calm the liver".

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 平肝息风药 (medicinal materials to "calm the liver and stop the wind")
  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 平肝药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:平肝药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Ching-Liang Hsieh, Jyh-Jian Lin, Su-Yin Chiang, Shan-Yu Su, Nou-Ying Tang, Gaung-Geng Lin, I-Hsin Lin, Chung-Hsiang Liu, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Jaw-Chyun Chen, Tin-Yun Ho, "Gastrodia elata modulated activator protein 1 via c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling pathway in kainic acid-induced epilepsy in rats", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 109, Issue 2, 19 January 2007, Pages 241-247.
  • Nai-Kuei Huang, Yun-Lian Lin, Jing-Jy Cheng, Wen-Lin Lai, "Gastrodia elata prevents rat pheochromocytoma cells from serum-deprived apoptosis: the role of the MAPK family", Life Sciences, Volume 75, Issue 13, 13 August 2004, Pages 1649-1657.
  • Hyeon-Ju Kim, Kwang-Deog Moon, Dong-Seok Lee, Sang-Han Lee, "Ethyl ether fraction of Gastrodia elata Blume protects amyloid β peptide-induced cell death", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 84, Issue 1, January 2003, Pages 95-98.

Mandarin 安神药[edit]

((zh~forms|安神|安神藥}}

Etymology[edit]

安神 (to soothe the nerves) + (medicine)

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=ānshényào|pint=an1shen2yao4|tra=安神藥|sim=安神药|rs=宀03}}

  1. a sedative; a tranquilizer

Usage notes[edit]

This term can also refer to materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that are used to "calm the spirit/mind".

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Alberto Estrada, Georgios S. Katselis, Bernard Laarveld, Branka Barl, "Isolation and evaluation of immunological adjuvant activities of saponins from Polygala senega L.", Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Volume 23, Issue 1, January 2000, Pages 27-43.
  • Junping Kou, Minda Si, Guofei Dai, Yuwen Lin, Danni Zhu, "Antiinflammatory activity of Polygala japonica extract", Fitoterapia, Volume 77, Issue 6, September 2006, Pages 411-415
  • H. Wang, J. Gao, J. Kou, D. Zhu, B. Yu, "Anti-inflammatory activities of triterpenoid saponins from Polygala japonica", Phytomedicine, Volume 15, Issue 5, 15 May 2008, Pages 321-326.
  • 1985, Jingrong (ed.) Wu, The Pinyin CHINESE-ENGLISH DICTIONARY (in Mandarin/English), Beijing, Hong Kong: The Commercial Press, ISBN 0471867969:
  • "安神药" (in Mandarin/English), Dr. eye. URL accessed on 2009-05-10.

Mandarin 固涩药[edit]

((zh~forms||固澀藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=gùsè yào|pint=gu4se4yao4|tra=固澀藥|sim=固涩药|rs=囗05}}

  1. Astringents. Materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that have an astringent effect on the body.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 固涩药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:固涩药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Subramaniyan Suchalatha, Periasamy Srinivasan, Chennam Srinivasulu Shyamala Devi, "Effect of T. chebula on mitochondrial alterations in experimental myocardial injury", Chemico-Biological Interactions, Volume 169, Issue 3, 20 September 2007, Pages 145-153.
  • G. H. Naik, K. I. Priyadarsini, D. B. Naik, R. Gangabhagirathi, H. Mohan, "Studies on the aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula as a potent antioxidant and a probable radioprotector", Phytomedicine, Volume 11, Issue 6, 20 September 2004, Pages 530-538.

Mandarin 消导药[edit]

((zh~forms||消導藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=xiāodáo yào|pint= xiao1dao2yao4|tra=消導藥|sim=消导药|rs=水07}}

  1. digestants. Materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that helps in the digestion of food.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 消导药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:消导药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Erl-Shyh Kao, Chau-Jong Wang, Wea-Lung Lin, Chia-Yih Chu, Tsui-Hwa Tseng, "Effects of polyphenols derived from fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida on cell transformation, dermal edema and skin tumor formation by phorbol ester application", Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 45, Issue 10, October 2007, Pages 1795-1804.
  • Thomas Froehlicher, Thierry Hennebelle, Françoise Martin-Nizard, Patricia Cleenewerck, Jean-Louis Hilbert, Francis Trotin, Sébastien Grec, "Phenolic profiles and antioxidative effects of hawthorn cell suspensions, fresh fruits, and medicinal dried parts", Food Chemistry, Volume 115, Issue 3, 1 August 2009, Pages 897-903.

Mandarin 抗疟药[edit]

((zh~forms||抗瘧藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=kàngnuè yào|pint= kang4nue4yao4|tra=抗瘧藥|sim=抗疟药|rs=手04}}

  1. Anti-malarial materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine.

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 抗疟药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:抗疟药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.

Mandarin 驱虫药[edit]

((zh~forms||驅蟲藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=qūchóng yào|pint= qu1chong2yao4|tra=驅蟲藥||sim=驱虫药rs=马04}}

  1. anthelmintics. Materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that are used to rid the body of intestinal worms.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 驱虫药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:驱虫药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • G. Ushbayeva, A. Kabieva, T. Ryakhovskaya, R. Mustaphina, "Study of antitumor activity of phenolic complex of agrimonia asiatica", European Journal of Cancer, Volume 35, Supplement 4, September 1999, Page S295.

Mandarin 外用药[edit]

((zh~forms||外用藥}}

Noun[edit]

((cmn~noun|s|pin=wàiyòng yào|pint=wai4yong4yao4|tra=外用藥|sim=外用药}}

  1. Materia medica in traditional Chinese medicine that are used for external application on the body.

Hyponyms[edit]

{ {rel-top|hyponyms}}

|}

See also[edit]

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)

References[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.png 外用药 on the Chinese Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:外用药
  • Ou Ming and Li Yanwen, "The Traditional Chinese Drug and Its Usage". Hai Feng Publishing Co. (1994) ISBN: 962-238-199-5.
  • Subramaniyan Suchalatha, Periasamy Srinivasan, Chennam Srinivasulu Shyamala Devi, "Effect of T. chebula on mitochondrial alterations in experimental myocardial injury", Chemico-Biological Interactions, Volume 169, Issue 3, 20 September 2007, Pages 145-153.
  • G. H. Naik, K. I. Priyadarsini, D. B. Naik, R. Gangabhagirathi, H. Mohan, "Studies on the aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula as a potent antioxidant and a probable radioprotector", Phytomedicine, Volume 11, Issue 6, 20 September 2004, Pages 530-538.