abair

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish at·beir, from Old Irish as·beir, from Proto-Celtic *ess- (compare Latin ex) + Proto-Celtic *ber-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abair (present analytic deir, future analytic déarfaidh, verbal noun , past participle ráite)

  1. to say, utter
  2. to mean, refer to
    Ní tú a deirim. ― I don’t mean you; I’m not referring to you.
  3. (In the 2nd sing. imperative or 1st plural imperative) say, suppose (to state for illustrative or approximate purposes)
    abair is nach mbeadh sé ann ― supposing he weren’t there
    fiche punt, abair ― twenty pounds, say

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The d-initial forms of this verb are immune to lenition. They also do not undergo eclipsis after the interrogative particle an.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
abair n-abair habair t-abair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish at·beir, from Old Irish as·beir, from Proto-Celtic *ess- (compare Latin ex) + Proto-Celtic *ber-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

abair

  1. Used as a modifier, suggesting excitement, much in the way that "how" is used.
    Abair oillteil! ― How dreadful!
    Abair gur àlainn e an-diugh! ― How beautiful that it is today!

Verb[edit]

abair (past thuirt, future their, verbal noun ràdh, past participle ráite)

  1. say

Participles[edit]

Tense \ Voice Active Passive
Present ag ràdh --
Past thuirt thuirteadh
Future their theirear
Conditional theireadh theirteadh

Derived terms[edit]