From Middle English abraiden, abreiden (“to start up, awake, move, reproach”), from Old English ābreġdan (“to move quickly, vibrate, draw, draw from, remove, unsheath, wrench, pull out, withdraw, take away, draw back, free from, draw up, raise, lift up, start up”), from Proto-Germanic *uz- (“out”) + *bregdaną (“to move, swing”), from Proto-Indo-European *bhrēḱ-, *bhrēǵ- (“to shine”), equivalent to a- + braid. Related to Dutch breien (“to knit”), German bretten (“to knit”).
- (transitive, obsolete) To wrench (something) out. [10th-13th c.]
- (intransitive, obsolete) To wake up. [11th-18th c.]
- (intransitive, archaic) To spring, start, make a sudden movement. [from 11th c.]
- (intransitive, transitive, obsolete) To shout out. [15th-16th c.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To rise in the stomach with nausea. [16th-19th c.]
- Alternative form of
- The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition
- (archaic, Munster) third-person plural present indicative dependent of
- (archaic, Munster) third-person plural present subjunctive of
|Radical||Eclipsis||with h-prothesis||with t-prothesis|
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.