absolutism

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1753 (in the theological sense); attested in 1830 in the political sense. From absolute +‎ -ism after French absolutisme.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈæb.sə.luː.tɪz.m̩/, /ˈæb.sə.ljuː.tɪz.m̩/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.səˌluˌtɪz.m̩/, /ˈæb.səˌljuˌtɪz.m̩/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

absolutism (plural absolutisms)

  1. (theology) Doctrine of preordination; doctrine of absolute decrees; doctrine that God acts in an absolute manner. [First attested in the mid 18th century.][1]
  2. (political science) The principles or practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism. [First attested in the early 19th century.][1]
    • The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling. - Palfrey
  3. (philosophy) Belief in a metaphysical absolute; belief in Absolute. [First attested in the late 19th century.][1]
  4. Positiveness; the state of being absolute.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 9

External links[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

absolutism n

  1. absolutism

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

absolut +‎ -ism

Noun[edit]

absolutism c (uncountable)

  1. absolute monarchy (as a form of government), dictatorship
  2. the principle of abstaining from alcohol

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]