aphasia

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Modern Latin, from Ancient Greek ἀφασία (aphasía), from ἄφατος (áphatos, speechless), from ἀ- (a-, not) + φάσις (phásis, speech).

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Noun[edit]

aphasia (countable and uncountable, plural aphasias)

  1. (pathology) A partial or total loss of language skills due to brain damage. Usually, damage to the left perisylvian region, including Broca's area and Wernike's area, causes aphasia.
    • 1888, Rudyard Kipling, "The Conversion of Aurelian McGoggin" in Plain Tales from the Hills, Folio 2005, p. 76:
      The Doctor came over in three minutes, and heard the story. ‘It's aphasia,’ he said.

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