atrophy

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French atrophie, from Latin atrophia, from Ancient Greek ἀτροφία (atrophía, a wasting away), from ἄτροφος (átrophos, ill-fed, un-nourished), from ἀ- (a-, not) + τροφή (trophḗ, nourishment), from τρέφω (tréphō, I fatten).

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Noun[edit]

atrophy (plural atrophies)

  1. (pathology) A reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease, injury or lack of use.

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Verb[edit]

atrophy (third-person singular simple present atrophies, present participle atrophying, simple past and past participle atrophied)

  1. (intransitive) To wither or waste away.
  2. (transitive) To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken.

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