carcass

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English[edit]

Beef carcasses (bodies of slaughtered animals with unwanted parts removed)
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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dated from the late 13th Century CE; from Anglo-Norman carcois, possibly related to Old French charcois. Cognate with French carcasse.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

carcass (plural carcasses)

  1. The body of a dead animal.
    • 1989, Johannes Weigelt, Recent Vertebrate Carcasses and Their Paleobiological Implications, page 152,
      Plate 31, figure B shows a desiccated carcass in the ventral position with a sharp S curvature in the vertebral column. Such pronounced drying-out of a carcass probably happens only when it is quickly carried to a dry place and exposed to the strong rays of the sun.
    • 1992, Dorothy L. Cheney, Robert M. Seyfarth, How Monkeys See the World: Inside the Mind of Another Species, page 284,
      Despite all of the groups' experiences with leopards and carcasses in trees, neither the vervets nor the baboons gave alarm calls at the sight of the carcass alone.
    • 2005, Maria S. Johnson, Tim R. Nagy, Chapter 10: Animal Body Composition Methods, Steven B. Heymsfield, Timothy G. Lohman, ZiMian Wang, Scott B. Going, (editors), Human Body Composition, 2nd Edition, page 141,
      Instead, the majority of studies involve freezing the carcasses until time permits the analysis.
  2. (meat trade) The body of a slaughtered animal, stripped of unwanted viscera, etc.
    • 1961, D. M. Doty, John C. Pierce, Beef Muscle Characteristics as Related to Carcass Grade, Carcass Weight, and Degree of Aging, US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. 1231, page 33,
      Lean flavor scores for this muscle were lower than those for ribeye, especially in Prime grade carcasses.
    • 2000, P. D. Warriss, Meat Science: An Introductory Text, page 20,
      The most important is the carcass but the liver, kidneys and, to a limited extent, various other visceral components also have value as food items. [] For example, the carcasses from sheep and cattle have the head removed immediately after slaughter but in pigs this may be delayed until after chilling and further butchery.
    • 2000, Geoffrey C. Mead, Fresh and Further-Processed Poultry, Barbara Lund, Tony C. Baird-Parker (editors), Microbiological Safety and Quality of Food, page 464,
      In some countries, there is still a significant trade in chicken carcasses that have been plucked, but not eviscerated, by the producer. Subsequently, the carcass may be eviscerated by a butcher or in the kitchen of the consumer.
  3. The body of a dead human, a corpse.
  4. The framework of a structure, especially one not normally seen.
  5. (nautical) An early incendiary ship-to-ship projectile consisting of an iron shell filled with saltpetre, sulphur, resin, turpentine, antimony and tallow with vents for flame.

Usage notes[edit]

The form carcase is closer to Middle English spellings (carcays or carkeis).
Carcase may be more common in UK varieties of English than it is in in the US. For instance, in Australia, some newspapers use carcase, while others use carcass. The Australian Dept of Agriculture uses carcase for the sense body of slaughtered animal.[2]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ carcass” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  2. ^ 1995, Pam Peters, The Cambridge Australian English Style Guide.