cirrhosis

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κιρρός (kirrhos, tawny) and -osis

Noun[edit]

cirrhosis (plural cirrhoses)

  1. (pathology) A chronic disease of the liver caused by damage from toxins (including alcohol), metabolic problems, hepatitis or nutritional deprivation. It is characterised by an increase of fibrous tissue and the destruction of liver cells.
  2. (by extension) Interstitial inflammation of kidneys, lungs, and other organs.
    • 1907, Robert Chambers, chapter 6, The Younger Set[1]:
      “I don't mean all of your friends—only a small proportion—which, however, connects your circle with that deadly, idle, brainless bunch—the insolent chatterers at the opera, [] the speed-mad fugitives from the furies of ennui, the neurotic victims of mental cirrhosis, … !”

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