dārzājs

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Latvian[edit]

Dārzāji

Etymology[edit]

Coined in the 1860s by J. Alunāns, from dārzs (garden) +‎ -ājs.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

dārzājs m (1s declension)

  1. (chiefly plural) vegetable (herbaceous plants with juicy edible parts; cucumber, tomato, lettuce, cabbage, potato, etc.)
    audzēt dārzājus — to grow vegetables
    labs dzelzs avots ir lapu dārzāji — leafy vegetables are a good source of iron
    no dārzājiem izlieto bumbuļus (kartupeļi, topinambūri), saknes (burkāni, bietes, kāļi), stublājus un ziedus (rabarberi, sparģeli, puķu kāposti), lapas (kāposti, spināti, salāti, puravi), augļus (gurķi, ķirbji, melones, tomāti, baklažāni) — from vegetables one uses tubers (potatoes, artichokes), roots (carrots, beets, swedes), stems and lowers (rhubarb, asparagus, cauliflower), leaves (cabbage, spinach, lettuce, leeks), (and) fruits (cucumber, squash, mellon, tomato, eggplant)
  2. (chiefly plural) vegetable (the juicy edible parts of those plants)
    izstādes apmeklētāji var aplūkot arī bagāto dārzāju ražu: milzu kāpostgalvas, burkānus, ķirbjus — the exhibition visitors can look at a rich harvest of vegetables: giant cabbages, carrots, pumpkins
    dārzāji pēc ievākšanas vai iegādes pareizi jāuzglabā; tie nedrīkst savīstvegetables after being harvested or bought must be well preserved; they should not (be allowed to) rot

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dārzs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7