dziesma

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See also: dziesmā

Latvian[edit]

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 Dziesma on Latvian Wikipedia

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Dziesma

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as dziedāt (q.v.), i.e., either from an earlier verb *dziet, or directly from a stem like *gied-, with an extra -s +‎ -ma. Cognates include Lithuanian giesmė̃ (spiritual, solemn song). A connection between dziesma and gaisma (light) has been suggested, given the similarity between their basic Proto-Indo-European stems (*gēy- “to sing, to call, to shout” and *gʰēy- “shiny, bright”) and the idea of saluting the dawn: an original verb *gēy-t(e)y may have meant both “to become light” and “to salute the light (by singing)” (cf. also gailis (cock, rooster), a word also possibly related to gaisma and dziesma).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

dziesma f (4th declension)

  1. song (piece of vocal music with lyrics)
    solo dziesma — solo song
    kora dziesma — choir song
    masu dziesma — mass song, hymn
    liriski romantiska dziesma — lyric romantic song
    šūpļa diesma, šūpuļdziesma — lullaby (lit. cradle song)
    dziesmas teksts — lyrics (lit. song text)
    dziesmas melodijasong melody
    tautas dziesma — folk song
    dziesmu krājumssong collection
    dziesmu svētkisong festival
    dziesmu grāmatasong book, hymn book, hymnal
    dziesma bez vārdiemsong without lyrics (instrumental music)
  2. (of birds, some insects) song (melodious sounds produced by the male to find and attract females)
    klausīties lakstīgalas dziesmā — to listen to the nightingale song
    gaiļa dziesma — cockcrow (lit. rooster song)
    circeņa dziesmacricket song
  3. (poetic) noise made by air, water, vibrating objects
    vēja dziesma — the song of the wind
    kuļmašīna sāka dūkt, un tās gaudulīgā dziesma Silāres laukos neapklusa līdz pat pusdienlaikam — the thresher began to hum, and its plaintive song didn't go silent in the fields of Silāre until noon

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dziesma” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7