fiend

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English feend (enemy, demon), from Old English fēond (enemy), from Proto-Germanic *fijandz. Cognate with Old Norse fjándi (Icelandic fjandi, Danish fjende, Swedish fiende), West Frisian fijân, Low German Feend, Fiend, Dutch vijand, German Feind, Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌾𐌰𐌽𐌳𐍃 (fijands), all of them meaning foe. The Old Norse and Gothic terms are present participles of the corresponding verbs fjá/fijan, to hate. Akin to Sanskrit पियति (piyati, (he) reviles).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fiend (plural fiends)

  1. (obsolete) An enemy, unfriend, or foe.
  2. (religious, archaic) The enemy of mankind, specifically, the Devil; Satan.
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 35:
      At the confirmation ceremony the bishop would lay his hands on the child and tie around its forehead a linen band […]. This was believed to strengthen him against the assaults of the fiend […].
  3. A devil or demon; a malignant or diabolical being; an evil spirit.
    • 1845, E.A. Poe, "The Raven"
      "Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!"
  4. A very evil person
  5. (informal) An addict or fanatic
    a jazz fiend

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams[edit]