grūtums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From grūts (difficult, hard) +‎ -ums.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

grūtums m (1st declension)

  1. (in the singular) difficulty, toughness (the quality of that which is difficult, hard, tough)
    darba, uzdevuma grūtums — the difficulty of the work, of the task
    ceļa grūtums — the difficulty, arduousness of the trip
    dzimtļaužu dzīves grūtums — the difficulty, toughness of a serf's life
    ir tādi slimnieki, kurus ārsts nevar aizmirst un kuru likteņa grūtumu viņš kā smagu nastu nes visu savu mūžu — there are such patients whom doctors cannot forget, who carry the difficulty of their fate as a heavy burden during their entire lives
  2. (singular or plural; syn. grūtības) difficulty, hardship (difficult events or circumstances)
    nu manis pēc, katrai dzīvei savi grūtumi — now, in my opinion, every life has its dificulties
    vēl tagad man Andra tēva sirds jāapbrīno, kas par tik daudz grūtumu pasaulē nemaz nesūdzējās, bet visu to nesa ar pacietību — even now I have to admire Andris' father's heart, who, despite so many hardships in the world, does not complain, but carries (= accepts) everything with patience
  3. (singular or plural) difficulty (difficult experience, difficult feelings)
    ar pāris vārdiem kā ar roku noņemt visu grūtumu — to remove all difficulty, hard feelings with a few words as if with one's hand
    mātes smagās nopūtās izsacīja visu to pārmēra grūtumu, ko meita bija uzlikusi viņas sirdij — the mother's heavy sights expressed all the excessive difficulties, hardships that her daughter had imposed on her (= mother's) heart
  4. (singular or plural) difficulty (physical suffering or pain, sickness, disease)
    viņš saaukstējās un dabūja tādus grūtumus, ka bija jāliekas gultā — he caught a cold and got so many difficulties that he had to stay in bed

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