jealous

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

[1382] From Old French jalous, from Late Latin zelosus, from Ancient Greek ζῆλος (zêlos, zeal, jealousy), from ζηλόω (zēlóō, to emulate, to be jealous). Cognate to zeal, zealous.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jealous (comparative more jealous, superlative most jealous)

  1. Suspecting rivalry in love; troubled by worries that one might have been replaced in someone's affections; suspicious of a lover or spouse's fidelity. [from 13th c.]
  2. Protective, zealously guarding, careful in the protection of something one has or appreciates. [from 14th c.]
    For you must not worship any other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God. —Exodus 34:14 (NET)
  3. Envious; feeling resentful of someone for a perceived advantage, material or otherwise. [from 14th c.]
    • 1891, Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray
      I am jealous of everything whose beauty does not die.
    • 1899, Mark Twain, The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg
      The neighbouring towns were jealous of this honourable supremacy.
  4. Suspecting, suspicious.
    • 1823, Walter Scott, Quentin Durward
      At length [...] the Duke demanded to know of Durward who his guide was, [...] and wherefore he had been led to entertain suspicion of him. To the first of these questions Quentin Durward answered by naming Hayraddin Maugrabin, the Bohemian; [...] and in reply to the third point he mentioned what had happened in the Franciscan convent near Namur, how the Bohemian had been expelled from the holy house, and how, jealous of his behaviour, he had dogged him to a rendezvous with one of William de la Marck's lanzknechts, where he overheard them arrange a plan for surprising the ladies who were under his protection.

Usage notes[edit]

Some usage guides seek to distinguish "jealous" from “envious”, using jealous to mean “protective of one’s own position or possessions” – one “jealously guards what one has” – and envious to mean “desirous of others’ position or possessions” – one “envies what others have”. [1] This distinction is also maintained in the psychological and philosophical literature.[2][3] However, this distinction is not reflected in usage, as reflected in the quotations of famous authors (above) using the word jealous in the sense “envious (of the possessions of others)”.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Envious/Jealous”, Paul Brians, Common Errors in English Usage
  2. ^ See Jealousy: Comparison with envy and Envy: Envy, jealousy and schadenfreude
  3. ^ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Envy, 1.2 Envy vs. Jealousy

Anagrams[edit]