kern

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See also: Kern

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A variant of corn, see Dutch kern, Old High German kerno, cherno, Middle High German kerne, kern, German Kern (core, kernel),
Old Norse kjarni, Icelandic kjarni, Danish kjerne, Swedish kärna (core, kernel); see also kernel.

Noun[edit]

kern (countable and uncountable, plural kerns)

  1. (obsolete or dialect) A corn; grain; kernel.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

From French carne (corner; projecting angle; quill of a pen), from Latin cardinem (hinge)[1] or from Etymology 1. The verb is a back-formation from kerned, which is from the noun.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

kern (plural kerns)

  1. (hot metal printing, typography) any part of a letter which extends into the space used by another letter.
    • 1856, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Odd Fellows' Literary Casket, Volumes 6-7, page 360,
      A few types have a portion of the face letter projecting over the body, as in the letter f ; this projection is called the kern, and in combination with other letters the projecting part generally extends over the next letter, as in fe. In those combinations, wherein the kern would come in contact with another letter, compound types are cast, as in the case of ff, fi, fl, ffi, ffl.

Verb[edit]

kern (third-person singular simple present kerns, present participle kerning, simple past and past participle kerned)

  1. (typography, chiefly proportional font printing) To adjust the horizontal space between selected pairs of letters (characters or glyphs); to perform such adjustments to a portion of text, according to preset rules.
    • 2001, Constance J. Sidles, Graphic Designer's Digital Printing and PrePress Handbook, page 51,
      If you need to kern anything beyond the most commonly used pairs, you can use applications software such as Adobe PageMaker to customize pairs.
    • 2001, Bill Camarda, Special Edition Using Microsoft Word 2002, page 122,
      Especially consider kerning if you are printing on a relatively high-resolution printer, such as a 600-dpi (dots per inch) laser printer.
    • 2006, Tova Rabinowitz, Exploring Typography, page 320,
      Remember, the goal of kerning is to make letter pairs look natural, not necessarily to minimize letterspaces.
    • 2008, Terry Rydberg, Exploring Adobe InDesign CS4, page 98,
      You should kern letter pairs when spacing between characters is too wide or too narrow.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

From Middle Irish ceithern.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

kern (plural kerns)

  1. (archaic or historical) A light-armed foot soldier of the ancient militia of Ireland and Scotland; in archaic contexts often used as a term of contempt.
  2. (obsolete) A boor; a low person.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Blount to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete, UK, law) An idler; a vagabond.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wharton to this entry?)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

kern (plural kerns)

  1. Alternative form of quern.

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

kern (plural kerns)

  1. A churn.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "kern" at Etymonline

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch kerne, from Old Dutch *kerno, from Proto-Germanic *kernô.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kern f (plural kernen, diminutive kerntje n)

  1. nucleus, core
  2. (physics) nucleus (of an atom)
  3. (physics, in compounds) nuclear
  4. (geology) core (of the Earth)
  5. (mathematics) kernel (of a function)
  6. settlement, built-up area

Derived terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish ceithern.

Noun[edit]

kern m (genitive kern, plural kernyn)

  1. (military) soldier, infantryman, yeoman
  2. (chess) pawn

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
kern chern gern
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Synonyms[edit]