lemur

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See also: Lemur and lémur

English[edit]

Ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)
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Etymology[edit]

From Latin lemurēs (pl. only), "spirits of the dead". The name was originally given to the slender loris (then Lemur tardigradus) in 1754 by Carl Linnaeus. According to Linnaeus, the name was selected because of the nocturnal activity and slow movements of the slender loris. In 1758, Linnaeus added—among others—the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) to the genus Lemur. All other species, including the slender loris, were eventually moved to other genera. In time, the word became the colloquial name for all primates endemic to Madagascar.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemur (plural lemurs)

  1. (colloquial) Any strepsirrhine primate of the infraorder Lemuriformes, superfamily Lemuroidea, native only to Madagascar and some surrounding islands.
  2. (zoology) The genus Lemur, represented by the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta).
    • 1758, Linnaeus, C., Systema Naturæ[1], volume 1, edition 10, Stockholm, Sweden: Laurentius Salvius, page 29–30:
  3. (obsolete) The genus for a loris (Lemur tardigradus, now Loris tardigradus), predating the 10th edition of Systema Naturæ.
    • 1754, Linnaeus, C., Museum Adolphi Friderici Regis[2], Stockholm, Sweden: Typographia Regia, page 3–4:
      "Lemures dixi hos, quod noctu imprimis obambulant, hominibus quodanmodo similes, & lento passu vagantur."
      [I call them lemurs, because they go around mainly by night, in a certain way similar to humans, and roam with a slow pace.]

Usage notes[edit]

The taxonomy is currently disputed, see Wikipedia article on lemur taxonomy.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dunkel, A.R.; Zijlstra, J.S.; Groves, C.P. (2011/2012). Giant rabbits, marmosets, and British comedies: etymology of lemur names, part 1. 64–70 Retrieved on 11 April 2013.

Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemur m

  1. lemur (primate)

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lěmuːr/
  • Hyphenation: le‧mur

Noun[edit]

lèmūr m (Cyrillic spelling лѐмӯр)

  1. lemur

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemur c

  1. a lemur

Declension[edit]