mežģīt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the iterative form of an older Proto-Baltic *mezg-ti (whence also mezgls; cf. dialectal verb megzt), for which a parallel form with ž was built (whence also dialectal megžt, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mezg- (to knit, to tie). Cognates include Lithuanian mègzti (present tense mezgù) “to tie in a knot; to knit, to braid; to throw buds”.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

mežģīt tr., 2nd conj., pres. mežģīju, mežģī, mežģī, past mežģīju

  1. to sprain, to twist (e.g., a joint)
    mežģīt rokas locītavu — to sprain (one's) wrist
    mežģīt kāju — to sprain (one's) leg
    mēli mežģījošs nosaukums — a tongue-'twisting name
    es nemaz netiku daudz prātojusi par pienākumiem, te viņi ir un ir jāpadara, ko tur vēl smadzenes mežģīt — I have never wondered much about duties, you have them and you have to do them, there is nothing there to twist (one's) brains about
  2. to entangle (ropes, threads, wires, etc.)
    mežģīt dzijas, diegu — to entangle yarn, thread
  3. (dialectal sense) to sew (usually a net)
    zvejnieks mežģī tīklus — the fisherman is sewing a (fishing) net

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “mežģīt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7