meng-

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See also: meng, mēng, méng, měng, mèng, MEng, M.Eng., and M. Eng.

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *mAŋ-, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *maŋ-, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *maŋ-, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *maŋ-, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *maŋ-, from Proto-Austronesian *maŋ-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (before IPA(key): /l/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/, /ɲ/, /r/) IPA(key): /mə/
  • (before IPA(key): /b/, /p/, /f/) IPA(key): /məm/
  • (before IPA(key): /t͡ʃ/, /d/, /d͡ʒ/, /t/, /z/) IPA(key): /mən/
  • (before IPA(key): /g/, /h/, /k/, vowels) IPA(key): /məŋ/
  • (before IPA(key): /s/) IPA(key): /məɲ/
  • (before monosyllabic roots) IPA(key): /məŋə/

Prefix[edit]

meng- (Jawi spelling مڠ-)

  1. agent focus, frequently but erroneously called "active voice", for AVO word order.
    • mengatur (to arrange; arranges; arranging)
    • membaca (to read; reads; reading)
    • mencabut (to remove; removes; removing)
    • menderma (to donate; donates; donating)
    • mengelak (to avoid; avoids; avoiding)
    • memahami (to understand; understands; understanding)
    • memfitnah (to lie; lies; lying (about someone))
    • menggali (to dig; digs; digging)
    • menghantar (to deliver; delivers; delivering)
    • mengikat (to tie; ties; tying)
    • menjolok (to poke; pokes; poking)
    • mengira (to count; counts; counting)
    • melamar (to propose; proposes; proposing)
    • memakan (to eat; eats; eating)
    • menyanyi (to sing; sings; singing)
    • mengolah (to edit; edits; editing)
    • memukul (to hit; hits; hitting)
    • merawat (to treat; treats; treating)
    • menyapu (to sweep; sweep; sweeping)
    • menambah (to add; adds; adding)
    • mengurus (to manage; manages; managing)
    • mengebom (to bomb; bombs; bombing)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (before l, m, n, ng, ny, r, w and y) meng- will be written as me-.
  • (before b and f) meng- will be written as mem-.
  • (before p and rarely f) meng- will be written as mem- and will require the removal of the first p or f.
  • (before c, d, j and z) meng- will be written as men-.
  • (before t) meng- will be written as men- and will require the removal of the first t.
  • (before g and h) meng- remains written as meng-.
  • (before k) meng- remains written as meng- and will require the removal of the first k.
  • (before s) meng- will be written as meny- and will require the removal of the first s.
  • (before monosyllabic roots) meng- will be written as menge-.