možs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as verb most (to wake up) (< *muod-ti), made into an u-stem adjective *muod-us; when u-stem adjectives were lost, a parallel yo-stem *modyas took its place, leading to možs via palatalization (dy > ž). A parallel form with an extra -r (*muod-ra-s) yielded modrs (q.v.).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

možs (def. možais, comp. možāks, sup. vismožākais; adv. moži)

  1. lively, vibrant, energetic, active, alert (having strength, vitality; being ready for action)
    možs cilvēkslively, active person
    justies možam pēc miega — to feel active, alert after sleep
    tie mūsu zemes dēli možākie, / kas gaišām acīm dzīvi pētī — these sons of our land (are) livelier / who with bright eyes study life
    priecīgs un možs viņš gāja savā dienas darbā — happy and lively he went about his day's work
    istabā ātrā gaitā ienāca jauneklis, slaids augumā, kustīgs un možs — a young man walked swiftly into the room, slim of build, agile and lively
    mūsu priekšā jautri, moži kucēni — in front of us (there) are happy, lively puppies
  2. lively, vibrant, energetic, active, alert (expressing such qualities; which is compatible with, or predisposes to, such qualities)
    možs smaidslively smile
    možs skatienslively look
    možas acislively eyes
    moža sejalively face
    možs garslively spirit
    možas domaslively thoughts
    moža sarunalively conversation
    možs debesu zilumslively sky blue
    možas, dzīvas krāsaslively, vibrant colors
    Rūdolfs tanī pašā možajā tonī pastāstīja — Rūdolfs told (the story) in that most lively tone (of voice)
    Blaumanis arvien ņēma ļoti možu dalību sabiedriskajā dzīvē — Blaumanis always took very lively participation (= participated very actively) in social life

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “možs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7