nerātns

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ne- +‎ rātns (obedient, well-behaved).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

nerātns (def. nerātnais, comp. nerātnāks, sup. visnerātnākais; adv. nerātni)

  1. (of people, especially children) naughty, mischievous, playful (who misbehaves, does not obey; who jokes, plays pranks; who is constantly moving, making noise)
    nerātni bērninaughty, mischievous children
    gribas atkal kā zēnam man skriet; gribas draiskuļot, nerātnam būt... — the desire (to be) again like a boy is coming (lit. running) to me; the desire to play pranks, to be naughty...
    garais vīrs stāv jau pie mātes un stāsta: māza meitene bijusi nerātna, nerātna; neviens nav vārejis to savaldīt, nevienam tā nav klausījusi — the tall man is already next to the mother and tells: the little girl was naughty, naughty; nobody managed to control her, she didn't obey anyone
  2. (of people, their behavior, attitudes) reckless, daring, bold
    Blaumanis nāca ar saviem nerātnajiem draugiem — Blaumanis came with his prankster friends
    viņa zilajās acīs uz mirkli iemirdzējās nerātnas liesmiņas — in his blue eyes mischievous little flames lit up for a moment
    Matilde atkal iesita kādam puisim pa nerātnajiem pirkstiem, kas mēģināja iekniebt viņai mīkstajos sānos — Matilde again hit some young man on (his) naughty fingers, who were trying to pinch her on (her) soft side
  3. naughty, obscene (suggesting sexual thoughts, practices)
    nerātnas anekdotes, dziesmasnaughty, obscene jokes, songs
    kā zināms no nerātnajām dainām, senlatviešu puišiem bijusi paraža pa vakariem iet meitās — as is known from naughty folk songs, the ancient Latvian young men had the custom of going to the girls at night
    nekur, nekur pasaulē neiet tā kā Parupē-Rucavā iet: tur dzied tik nerātnas dziesmas, ka jābāž ausis ciet — nowhere, nowhere on earth is it as in Parupe-Rucava: there they sing such naughty songs, that one has to shove (one's fingers) tight into (one's) ears

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