presume

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman presumer, Middle French presumer, and their source, Latin praesūmere (to take beforehand, anticipate), from prae- + sūmere (to take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

presume (third-person singular simple present presumes, present participle presuming, simple past and past participle presumed)

  1. (transitive, now rare) To perform, do (something) without authority; to lay claim to without permission. [from 14th c.]
    Don't make the decision yourself and presume too much.
  2. (transitive) With infinitive object: to be so presumptuous as (to do something) without proper authority or permission. [from 14th c.]
    I wouldn't presume to tell him how to do his job.
  3. (transitive) To assume to be true (without proof); to take for granted, to suppose. [from 14th c.]
    • 2011, John Patterson, The Guardian, 5 Feb 2011:
      If we presume that human cloning may one day become a mundane, everyday reality, then maybe it's time to start thinking more positively about our soon-to-arrive genetically engineered pseudo-siblings.
  4. (intransitive) To be presumptuous; with on, upon, to take advantage (of), to take liberties (with). [from 15th c.]
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 75:
      Piliso then vented his anger on us, accusing us of lying to him. He said we had presumed on his hospitality and the good name of the regent.

Quotations[edit]

  • Paw prints in the snow presume a visit from next door's cat.
  • Dr. Livingstone, I presume?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

presume

  1. third-person singular indicative present of presumere

Anagrams[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

presume

  1. third-person singular present indicative of presumir
  2. second-person singular imperative of presumir

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

presume

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of presumir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of presumir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of presumir.