vaina

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See also: vainā, vaiņa, and vaiņā

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vēna. Compare Romansch avaina, Italian vena, Romanian vână, French veine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vaina f

  1. vein

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *wei-, *wai- (with an added suffix -nā-), from Proto-Indo-European *wei- (to move, go ahead; to be strong). Cognates include Lithuanian vainóti (to criticize, to scold) (compare archaic Lithuanian vaina (error, transgression)), Old Prussian etwinūt (to blame) (maybe a borrowing from Slavic), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian вина (viná), Belarusian віна (viná, fault, guilt, transgression).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vaina f (4th declension)

  1. fault, guilt (an offense punishable according to the law; behavior or conduct with bad consequences)
    pierādīta vaina — proven guilt
    vainas apziņa — awareness of guilt
    neapzināties savu vainu — to be unaware of, not acknowledge one's guilt
    atzīt savu vainu — to plead guilty
    noliegt savu vainu — to deny one's guilt, to plead not guilty
    vainu mīkstinoši apstākļi — mitigating circumstances
    vainu pastiprinoši apstākļi — aggravating circumstances
    būt pie vainas — to be to blame
  2. defect, imperfection, flaw, fault
    viņa darbs ir bez vainas — his work is without flaw
    tā ir maza vaina! — this is a small flaw!
    šai drānai nav nekādas vainas — this fabric has no flaw
    kas uzvalkam vaina? — what is the problem with the suit?
    aparātam ir kāda vaina, ka tas nedarbojas — the machine has some problem, it doesn't work
  3. disease, ailment, wound
    viņi visas vainas ārstējot ar zāļu tējām' — they treat all diseases with herbal teas
    sūdzēties par visādām vainām — to complain about all kinds of ailments
    izmazgāt vainas — to wash one's wounds
  4. cause
    ja viņš nestrādā, tad tā ir tikai slinkuma vaina — if he doesn't work, it is only because of laziness

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vaina” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vāgīna. Compare Portuguese bainha, also French gaine, Italian guaina.

Noun[edit]

vaina f (plural vainas)

  1. pod
  2. scabbard, sheath
  3. case, casing
    • 2005, Vsevolod Smirnoff, Recuerdos de una astilla, page 11:
      Entre los dos yacía en el piso una vaina de cartucho de revólver.
      On the floor between the two lay a revolver cartridge case.
  4. (Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, colloquial) thing, gadget
  5. (Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, colloquial) hickey
  6. (slang) worthless person
  7. (regional) green bean

Synonyms[edit]