vitrum

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wedro- (glass), from Proto-Indo-European *wed-ro- (water-like), from *wódr̥ (water), whence also Latin unda (water). Compare semantic parallel in Middle Iranian where "glass" is also derived from "water": Middle Persian ʾp̄ḵynk' (ābgēnag, crystal, glass), compound of ʾp̄ (āb, water) + -kyn' (-gēn) + -k' (-ag) > Persian آبگینه (ābgīna, glass), Sogdian ʾʾpkyn-, ʾʾpkynʾk (crystal), Ossetian авг (avg) (Iron) / авгæ (avgæ, glass; bottle) (Digor). Compare also Old Armenian ապակի (apaki) and Hungarian üveg (glass; bottle). The plant and its dye were named after the color of glass in antiquity.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vitrum n (genitive vitrī); second declension

  1. glass
    Bassa, bibis vitro.
  2. a woad; a plant used for dying blue
  3. woad; a blue dye used by the Britons made from that plant

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative vitrum vitra
genitive vitrī vitrōrum
dative vitrō vitrīs
accusative vitrum vitra
ablative vitrō vitrīs
vocative vitrum vitra

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 684
  • Andrew Sihler, New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, OUP, 1995, page 212