glass

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English glas, from Old English glæs, from Proto-Germanic *glasą, possibly related root *glōaną (to shine) (compare glow), and ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵʰel- (to shine, shimmer, glow); cognate with West Frisian glês, Low German Glas, Dutch glas, German Glas, Icelandic gler.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

a glass (drinking vessel) of milk

glass (countable and uncountable, plural glasses)

  1. (uncountable) A solid, transparent substance made by melting sand with a mixture of soda, potash and lime.
    The tabletop is made of glass.
    • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, American Scientist: 
      The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, essentially what today we might term a frameless magnifying glass or plain glass paperweight.
    1. A popular myth is that window glass is actually an extremely viscous liquid.
    2. (physics, uncountable) Amorphous (non-crystalline) substance.
    3. (attributive, in names of species) transparent or translucent
      glass frog;   glass shrimp;   glassworm
  2. A vessel from which one drinks, especially one made of glass, plastic, or similar translucent or semi-translucent material.
    Fill my glass with milk please.
    1. The quantity of liquid contained in such a vessel.
      Would you like a glass of milk?
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, The Celebrity:
        Here was my chance. I took the old man aside, and two or three glasses of Old Crow launched him into reminiscence.
  3. (uncountable) Glassware.
    We collected art glass.
  4. A mirror.
    She adjusted her lipstick in the glass.
  5. A magnifying glass or telescope.
    We looked through the glass to see stars.
  6. (sports) A barrier made of glass.
    1. (basketball, colloquial) The backboard.
      He caught the rebound off of the glass.
    2. (ice hockey) The clear, protective screen surrounding a hockey rink.
      He fired the outlet pass off the glass.
  7. A barometer.
  8. (obsolete) An hourglass.
    • Shakespeare
      She would not live / The running of one glass.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

glass (third-person singular simple present glasses, present participle glassing, simple past and past participle glassed)

  1. (transitive) To furnish with glass; to glaze.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Boyle to this entry?)
  2. (transitive) To enclose with glass.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To strike (someone), particularly in the face, with a drinking glass with the intent of causing injury.
    • 1987, John Godber, Bouncers [1]
      JUDD. Any trouble last night? / LES. Usual. Couple of punks got glassed.
    • 2002, Geoff Doherty, A Promoter's Tale [2]
      I often mused on what the politicians or authorities would say if they could see for themselves the horrendous consequences of someone who’d been glassed, or viciously assaulted.
    • 2003, Mark Sturdy, Pulp [3]
      One night he was in this nightclub in Sheffield and he got glassed by this bloke who’d been just let out of prison that day.
  4. To bombard an area with such intensity (nuclear bomb, fusion bomb, etc) as to melt the landscape into glass.
  5. To view through an optical instrument such as binoculars.
    • 2000, Ben D. Mahaffey, 50 Years of Hunting and Fishing, page 95:
      Andy took his binoculars and glassed the area below.
  6. To smooth or polish (leather, etc.), by rubbing it with a glass burnisher.
  7. (archaic, reflexive) To reflect; to mirror.
    • Motley
      Happy to glass themselves in such a mirror.
    • Byron
      Where the Almighty's form glasses itself in tempests.

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish glas (blue-grey, green)

Adjective[edit]

glass

  1. green (of nature), verdant
    • Ta'n londaig hannah jeeaghyn slane glass.
      • The lawn looks quite green already.
    • yn faarkey glass tonnagh foin
      • the green billowy sea under us
    • yn awin ghlass
      • the green river
  2. grey (of animal), ashen (colour)
  3. soft, pale, pasty
  4. raw, unfledged, sappy
  5. callow (of youth)
Mutation[edit]
Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
glass ghlass nglass
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish glas (lock, clasp)

Noun[edit]

glass m (plural glish)

  1. lock
    • Hooar eh y glass er y dorrys roish.
      • He found himself locked out.
    • T'eh fo glass.
      • He is behind bars.
    • Ta glass er my hengey.
      • My lips are sealed.
    • Ta glass y dorrys er y çheu sthie.
      • The door locks on the inside.
    • Ta'n ogher shoh gentreil y glass.
      • This key goes in the lock.
    • Vrish ad y glass.
      • They forced the lock.
Mutation[edit]
Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
glass ghlass nglass
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Verb[edit]

glass (verbal noun glassey)

  1. to lock up, secure
Mutation[edit]
Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
glass ghlass nglass
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French glace.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glass c

  1. an ice cream

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]