zaļums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From zaļš (green) +‎ -ums.

Noun[edit]

zaļums m (1st declension)

  1. (usually in the singular) green, greenness (the quality of that which is green)
    lapu zaļums — the greenness of leaves
    košs zaļums — bright green(ness), greens
    pavasara zaļums — spring green(ness), greens
    mežu tumšais zaļums — the dark green of the forest
    gaišs zaļums sedz kalnus un gravas — light green (= vegetation) covered mountains and ravines
  2. (usually in the plural) plants, the green parts of plants (leaves, branches, etc.)
    zaļumu vītnes — garland, wreath of greens (leaves, twigs, flowers, etc.)
    Mūsu kāzinieku dēļ baznīca bija pušķota zaļumiem — because of our wedding, the church was full of greens, greenery (= plants, flowers)
  3. (usually in the plural) leaves of certain plants (e.g., dill, parsley) used to season or marinate raw food
    zupu pārkaisa ar sakapātiem pētersīļu zaļumiem — they sprinkled the soup with chopped parsley leaves (= lit. greens)
    uzturzinātnieki ieteic lietot vairāk zaļumu — dietologists recommend the use of more greens (= dill, parsley, etc. leaves)
  4. (usually in the plural) place in the open, with many growing trees, plants
    zaļumu balle, zaļumballeopen-air ball, party
    zaļumu svētki, zaļumsvētki — open-air holiday, festival, celebration
    apkārt mājai daudz zaļumu: koki, zāle, puķes — around the house there is a lot of green (areas): trees, grass, flowers
    saulainā svētdienā viņi visi iekāps vilcienā un aizbrauks zaļumos — on a sunny Sunday they will all take a train and go to the greens (= green areas in the countryside)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]