īstenība

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See also: īstenībā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A 19th-century neologism, derived from īstens (real) +‎ -ība and first mentioned in K. Valdemārs' 1872 German-Russian-Latvian dictionary.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

īstenība f (4th declension)

  1. reality (the existing world; that which actually exists)
    objektīvā īstenībaobjective reality
    dzīves īstenībalife, living reality
    literatūras kā īstenības atspoguļotājaliterature as a reflection of reality
    atgriezties īstenībāto come back to reality (i.e., to stop dreaming)
    īstenības izteiksmeindicative (lit. reality) mood (in verb conjugations)
  2. (in the locative, used adverbially) in reality, in fact, actually, really
    Dāvis īstenībā jau bija liels puisisDāvis was in fact already a big guy
    varbūt pat neatzinis, kas īstenībā padarītsmaybe he himself didn't recognize what had really been done

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “īsts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7