ļaudis

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See also: laudis, laŭdis, and ļaudīs

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *lyaudi-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lewdʰ-o- (men, people). Cognates include Lithuanian liáudis (people, nation), Old Prussian ludis (owner, landlord), ludini (owner, landlady), ludysz (person), Old Church Slavonic людиє (ljudie, people), людинъ (ljudinŭ, free man), Russian лю́ди (ljúdi, people), Bulgarian лю́де (ljúde), Czech lidé, Slovak ľudia, Polish ludzie, Gothic 𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌸𐍃 (liuþs, man), Old High German liotan (to grow), liut, liuti (people), German Leute, Ancient Greek ἐλεύθερος (eleútheros, free) (< *leudʰeros (free man)), Latin liber (free) (also < *leudʰeros).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

ļaudis m (6th declension, irregular gender)

  1. people (a number of human individuals)
    gudri ļaudissmart, intelligent people
    veci ļaudisold people
    liels ļaužu pulksbig crowd (lit. crowd of people)
    ļaužu straumea stream of people
    ļaužu pilns laukumsan area full of people
  2. people (individuals associated with an occupation, place, social status)
    lauku ļaudisrural people
    rūpnīcas ļaudisfactory people
    kaimiņu ļaudisneighboring people
    darba ļaudis, darbaļaudis, darbļaudisworking people, workers

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ļaudis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7