šķērss

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *skerss, via palatalization (sk > šķ) and lengthening of a falling tone vowel followed by r (èr > ēr), from Proto-Baltic *skersas, from Proto-Indo-European *skersos < *skert-so-s, from a stem *ker-, *sker- (to cut) with an added t (whence also the verb šķērt, q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian sker̃sas (transverse, crooked), Old Prussian kerscha, kērschan, kirsa, kirscha, kirschan (over), Proto-Slavic *čerzъ < *čersъ (Russian че́рез (čérez, over, through; transverse, across, crosswise), Bulgarian чрез (črez)), Ancient Greek ἐπικάρσιος (epikársios, transverse, crosswise; lateral).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

šķērss (definite šķērsais, comparative šķērsāks, superlative visšķērsākais, adverb šķērsi, šķērsu, šķērsām)

  1. transverse, transversal, crosswise (placed in such a way that it crosses something)
    šķērss plīsumstransverse, crosswise crack, rupture
    šķērsas taisnestransverse straight lines (not situated on the same plane)
    ja viena no divām taisnēm atrodas plaknē, bet otra taisne krusto šo plakni punktā, kas nepieder pie pirmās taisnes, tad dotās tasines ir šķērsas... caur šķērsām taisnēm nevar novilkt plakniif one of two straight lines is on a plane and the other crosses this plane at one point that does not belong to the first straight line, then the given straight lines are transverse... through transverse lines one cannot draw a plan
  2. (figurative) wrong, incorrect
    nu mūsu lieta ir pavisam šķērsaour case is completely wrong
    atmiņās ir kāds solis, kuru tu spēris, nedomādams par sekām, un šis pirmais solis pratis iegriezt visu gaitu pavisam šķērsās sliedēsin memory there is a certain step which you took, not thinking about consequences, and this first step managed to turn the whole walk into completely wrong rails (= into the wrong direction)

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “šķērss”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN