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From an earlier *skersti via palatalization (*sk > šķ) and vowel lengthening due to low tone (*èr > ēr), from Proto-Baltic *skerd-ti, from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *sker- “to cut” (whence also šķirt, q.v.) with an extra d. Cognates include Lithuanian sker̃sti “to slaughter (farm animals),” Old Prussian scurdis (mistakenly spelled sturdis), Old Church Slavonic оскръдъ ‎(oskrŭdŭ), Russian оскорд ‎(oskórd) “big ax,” Czech oškrd “whetstone,” Polish oskard “hoe.”[1]


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šķērst tr., 1st conj., pres. šķēržu, šķērd, šķērž, past šķērdu

  1. to cut a dead animal or human so as to expose the internal organs
    šķērst nokauto cūku — to cut (open) a slaughtered pig
    šķērst zivis — to cut (open) fish
    viņš paņēma nazi, nokāpa uz klāja un šķērda skumbrijas — he took the knife, went down on deck and cut (open) the mackarel
    sāka zaķi šķērst pusdienas tiesai — he began to cut (open) the hare for the midday court


Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ “šķērst” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7