šķērst

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *skersti via palatalization (*sk > šķ) and vowel lengthening due to low tone (*èr > ēr), from Proto-Baltic *skerd-ti, from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *sker- “to cut” (whence also šķirt, q.v.) with an extra d. Cognates include Lithuanian sker̃sti “to slaughter (farm animals),” Old Prussian scurdis (mistakenly spelled sturdis), Old Church Slavonic оскръдъ(oskrŭdŭ), Russian оскорд(oskórd) “big ax,” Czech oškrd “whetstone,” Polish oskard “hoe.”[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

šķērst tr., 1st conj., pres. šķēržu, šķērd, šķērž, past šķērdu

  1. to cut a dead animal or human so as to expose the internal organs
    šķērst nokauto cūku‎ ― to cut (open) a slaughtered pig
    šķērst zivis‎ ― to cut (open) fish
    viņš paņēma nazi, nokāpa uz klāja un šķērda skumbrijas‎ ― he took the knife, went down on deck and cut (open) the mackarel
    sāka zaķi šķērst pusdienas tiesai‎ ― he began to cut (open) the hare for the midday court

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “šķērst”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7